|AECOM filed this Form 10-Q on 02/06/2019|
Net accounts receivable consisted of the following:
Substantially all contract assets as of December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2018 are expected to be billed and collected within twelve months, except for claims. Significant claims recorded in contract assets and other non-current assets were $266.0 million and $266.0 million as of December 31 and September 30, 2018, respectively, and included an amount related to the DOE Deactivation, Demolition, and Removal Project discussed further in Note 14. Contract retentions represent amounts invoiced to clients where payments have been withheld from progress payments until the contracted work has been completed and approved by the client. These retention agreements vary from project to project and could be outstanding for several months or years.
Allowances for doubtful accounts have been determined through specific identification of amounts considered to be uncollectible and potential write-offs, plus a non-specific allowance for other amounts for which some potential loss has been determined to be probable based on current and past experience.
Other than the U.S. government, no single client accounted for more than 10% of the Companys outstanding receivables at December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2018.
The Company sold trade receivables to financial institutions, of which $374.6 million and $334.2 million were outstanding as of December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2018, respectively. The Company does not retain financial or legal obligations for these receivables that would result in material losses. The Companys ongoing involvement is limited to the remittance of customer payments to the financial institutions with respect to the sold trade receivables.
5. Joint Ventures and Variable Interest Entities
The Companys joint ventures provide architecture, engineering, program management, construction management, operations and maintenance services, and invest in real estate and public-private partnership (P3) projects. Joint ventures, the combination of two or more partners, are generally formed for a specific project. Management of the joint venture is typically controlled by a joint venture executive committee, comprised of representatives from the joint venture partners. The joint venture executive committee normally provides management oversight and controls decisions which could have a significant impact on the joint venture.
Some of the Companys joint ventures have no employees and minimal operating expenses. For these joint ventures, the Companys employees perform work for the joint venture, which is then billed to a third-party customer by the joint venture. These joint ventures function as pass through entities to bill the third-party customer. For consolidated joint ventures of this type, the Company records the entire amount of the services performed and the costs associated with these services, including the services provided by the other joint venture partners, in the Companys result of operations. For some of these joint ventures where a fee is added by an unconsolidated joint venture to client billings, the Companys portion of that fee is recorded in equity in earnings of joint ventures.
The Company also has joint ventures that have their own employees and operating expenses, and to which the Company generally makes a capital contribution. The Company accounts for these joint ventures either as consolidated entities or equity method investments based on the criteria further discussed below.
The Company follows guidance on the consolidation of variable interest entities (VIEs) that requires companies to utilize a qualitative approach to determine whether it is the primary beneficiary of a VIE. The process for identifying the primary beneficiary of a VIE requires consideration of the factors that indicate a party has the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the joint ventures economic performance, including powers granted to the joint ventures program manager, powers contained in the joint venture governing board and a companys economic interest in the joint venture. The Company analyzes its joint ventures and classifies them as either:
· a VIE that must be consolidated because the Company is the primary beneficiary or the joint venture is not a VIE and the Company holds the majority voting interest with no significant participative rights available to the other partners; or